I’d never heard of this until today:
Prior to his Apollo 15 lunar mission, astronaut David Scott met Belgian painter and printmaker Paul Van Hoeydonck at a dinner party. It was there agreed that Van Hoeydonck would create a small statuette for Scott to place on the Moon, though their recollections of the details disagree. Scott’s purpose was to commemorate those astronauts and cosmonauts who had lost their lives in the furtherance of space exploration, and he designed and separately made a plaque listing fourteen American and Soviet names. Van Hoeydonck was given a set of design specifications: the sculpture was to be lightweight but sturdy, capable of withstanding the temperature extremes of the Moon; it could not be identifiably male or female, nor of any identifiable ethnic group. According to Scott, it was agreed Van Hoeydonck’s name would not be made public, to avoid the commercial exploitation of the US government’s space program. Scott kept the agreement secret from NASA management prior to the mission, smuggling the statue aboard his spacecraft.
During the Apollo 15 mission, near the completion of his work on the lunar surface on August 1, 1971, Scott secretly placed the Fallen Astronaut on the Moon, along with a plaque bearing the names of eight American astronauts and six Soviet cosmonauts who had died in service:
- Theodore C. Freeman (October 31, 1964, aircraft accident)
- Charles A. Bassett II (February 28, 1966, aircraft accident)
- Elliot M. See Jr. (February 28, 1966, aircraft accident)
- Virgil I. Grissom (January 27, 1967, Apollo 1 fire)
- Roger B. Chaffee (January 27, 1967, Apollo 1 fire)
- Edward H. White II (January 27, 1967, Apollo 1 fire)
- Vladimir M. Komarov (April 24, 1967, Soyuz 1 re-entry parachute failure)
- Edward G. Givens Jr. (June 6, 1967 automobile accident)
- Clifton C. Williams Jr. (October 5, 1967, aircraft accident)
- Yuri A. Gagarin (March 27, 1968, aircraft accident)
- Pavel I. Belyayev (January 10, 1970, disease)
- Georgiy T. Dobrovolsky (June 30, 1971, Soyuz 11 re-entry pressurization failure)
- Viktor I. Patsayev (June 30, 1971, Soyuz 11 re-entry pressurization failure)
- Vladislav N. Volkov (June 30, 1971, Soyuz 11 re-entry pressurization failure)
Scott photographed the memorial, but waited for a post-mission press conference to publicly disclose its existence.
Slate wrote a great piece on this story.